endangered species facts

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was not the first act of its kind. Scientific Name: Pan troglodytes Status: Endangered Number Remaining: 172,700 to 299,700 Average Height: 4 - 5.5 ft Average Weight: 70-130 pounds Chimps are our closest animal cousins, sharing about 98% of our DNA. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is a United Nations Convention that regulates the global trade in vulnerable wildlife. Extinct species no longer occur anywhere on Earth, and once gone they are gone forever.Extirpated species have disappeared locally or regionally, but still survive in other regions or in captivity. Sometimes, federal agencies decide that although a species could be considered endangered, other species are higher priorities. Pygmy 3-toed sloth – Destruction of Panama Mangrove’s threatens the sloths existence. Northern Bald Ibis – Once found all the way from Africa, through the Middle East and into Central Europe, the Hermit Ibis is failing. 14. Encroachment by human development has pushed more of their natural predators into the region and rapidly diminished their numbers. Endangered Species Profiles. Endangered animals stand to benefit the most from conservation efforts, so we should find out all we can about these creatures. 7. Fish can’t live out of water. 12. However, biodiversity is key for healthy ecosystems and human life. An endangered species is a species that is very likely to become extinct in the near future, either worldwide or in a particular political jurisdiction. 28. ), Can You Recycle Lotion Bottles? Sakhalin Taimen – This Japanese fish is a member of the Salmon family and through over fishing and pollution, is almost extinct. Because of this, three of the five species of rhinoceros are among the most endangered species in the world: the black rhino, the Javan rhino, and the Sumatran rhino. Its natural predators are also being forced into smaller territories, which means there are more predators present in the small areas the shrew has to call home. Their numbers have already been greatly reduced and only a few now live in the wild. Endangered (EN), as categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, is the second most severe conservation status for wild populations in the IUCN’s schema after Critically Endangered (CR).”, What is a fish without a river? One thing that’s important to remember is that species have evolved to live in particular habitats and ecosystems. It is hunted for food and fur, but its natural habitat is being destroyed by logging and mining. Their numbers are slowly rising due to careful conservation and enforced regulations. Archey’s Frog – Considered a living fossil as there have been few evolutionary changes to the species in 200 million years, this New Zealand native has survived eons, only to begin to succumb to diseases introduced to the island by man. Amsterdam Albatross – There are only 5 pairs left in the wild on Amsterdam Island. Pollution, climate change and the destruction of its natural habitat have put it firmly on the endangered list. Endangered and extinct plant species can lead to the endangerment of animal species.Johnson's seagrass is an endangered plant species that only grows on Florida's southeastern coast. A mass extinction that happened near this time changed the composition and lifestyle of animal and plant life forever. admin April 7, 2020. But even before that, the U.S. government was steadily making the world a safer place for animals. (Insufficient data have been collected on the Flatback Sea Turtle.) Luckily for endangered species, there are many people looking out for them. LAND CLEARING: The single biggest threat is habitat destruction. Below are the animal’s on our website which are endangered. Wild Yam – A popular herbal medicine, the wild yam is hard to find in the wild. 13. An endangered species is a species (a population) of animals, plants or other organisms that is in danger of becoming extinct. All rights reserved. They are grouped by the type of animal. A mainland subspecies of the Javan rhino was declared extinct in Vietnam in 2011. [2] A species is declared extinct after many years of not being spotted. 8. The panda, with its distinctive black and white coat, is adored by the world and considered a national treasure in China. In 1973, the U.S. Congress passed the Endangered Species Act to try to prevent species from becoming extinct. Most forest-dwelling mammals require dense vegetation growth and clean water in order to survive. Endangered species. Endangered species are plants and animals that are threatened with extinction. Today, a small population of Javan rhinos is found in only one national park on the northern tip of the Indonesian island of Java. Cuban Greater Funnel Eared Bat – This bat is native to Cuba and the natural erosion of its cave habitats have been made worse by development and cave modifications for tourists and mining. 10. While it is also highly prized by collectors, it has proven to be difficult to conserve as it doesn’t grow easily outside its native environment. We use the IUCN Red List for our endangered rankings. Population Growth and the Pet Trade threaten countless animal species. This is mainly caused by the loss and degradation of habitat, but also by among others pollution, climate change and invasive alien species. A species is defined as endangered or threatened when it is suffers from these factors: damage to its habitat for recreational, or entertainment purposes; disease or predation of the species; and hazards to the continued life of the species. It has been hunted and poached for the mystical properties of its small single horn. Greater Bamboo Lemur – Once populous in Madagascar, the natural habitat for these slow moving creatures is disappearing. 1. Click the picture to learn more about them. Because they are not able to move as animals are when threatened, 68% of all species of plants on earth are endangered. By protecting these biologically diverse places, we can also preserve many other endangered species that live there. Chinese Crested Tern – While almost driven to extinction, the Chinese crested terns may be the success story of conservation efforts. (And 10 Ways to Reuse Egg Shells), Why are Forests Important and 20+ Unbelievable Reasons For Loss of Forests, Various Threats to Biodiversity and it’s Solutions, Causes, Effects and Solutions For Habitat Loss and Destruction, 20 Extraordinary Things You Can Do to Save Endangered Species, Can You Recycle Propane Tanks? One of every four species of dolphins is close to extinction. Severe threats from humans have left just over 1,800 pandas in the wild. (And Is It Bad For Environment), Are Solar Panels Recyclable? Wooly Spider Monkey – This small and lively monkey is slowly disappearing. In case you thought manatees are an endangered species, this answer might come as a surprise: No, they are not!And what a wonderful surprise that is. People are destroying animals’ habitats, such as rainforests. (And 7 Ways to Reuse Them). The Javan rhino is the closest to extinction with only between 46 to 66 individuals left, all of … 30. Hirola – Native to Kenya and Somalia, the Hirola is a type of antelope that is dying out. Coral Tree – Native to Africa, this tree has become very popular with homeowner’s in the American South and other warm climates. It is nothing. Destruction of their habitat and poaching are their biggest threats. U.S. Rep. John Dingell (D-Mich.), who wrote the Endangered Species Act, argued that “only natural extinction is part of natural order.” Scientists believe that 227 species—including the grizzly bear, the peregrine falcon and the gray wolf—were saved from extinction in the first 33 years of the law’s existence. The cost of conserving global biodiversity amounts to $76 billion per year. 6. Clearing of forests in the country is the primary threat facing these already endangered species. (And Can You Sell Them? You can use the dropdown below to filter the list by animal type: mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, fish, or invertebrate. 25. Tiger body parts, used to treat ailments and diseases ranging from arthritis to bad skin, are in high demand. To safeguard tigers, we need to protect large swaths of forest across Asia where they live. Javan Rhino – This rhino is not just endangered, it is rare. In those cases, the animal or plant gets limited protections. 16. 2. White Bellied Heron – Also known as the Imperial Heron, this great bird has all but disappeared from India and East Asia. Whether a species is endangered—meaning at risk of extinction—depends on which definition you use. Animal listed below are classed as vulnerable, endgangered, critically endangered or extinct in the wild on the Red List. Meanwhile, the United States’s Endangered Species Act of 1973 takes into consideration any destruction to a species’ habitat, whether it has been over-consumed, any disease or predation that threaten it, whether any other man-made factors put it in danger, and what policies currently exist to protect it. It is found only in the areas of Northern California and Oregon. 19. Franklin’s Bumblebee – This bumblebee has the most restricted migratory range of all others. When members of the public or a state agency propose to the U.S. Previously, any species of plant or animal that was threatened with extinction could be called an endangered species. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. There are no supporting habitats to take its place. The laws to prevent international trade in Tiger bones, eyes, whiskers and teeth are largely ignored. What is an Endangered Species Act without any enforcement mechanism to ensure their habitat is protected? 29. Endangered species are automatically protected by prohibitions of several types of "take," including harming, harassing, collecting, or killing, under Section 9 of the ESA. Tonkin snub-nosed Monkey – While thought to have been extinct in the 80s, they were spotted again in the 90s. The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species classifies an animal as endangered when its numbers in the wild have dropped so low that it’s at “extremely high risk” of extinction. Despite their exalted status and relative lack of natural predators, pandas are still at risk. Hyacinth Macaw Facts – An Endangered Species. The effects of the long standing drought in the region, plus the ravages of war, have decreased its habitat. Hyacinth Macaw. This native India Ocean bird has come under threat through island development, and the practice of longline fishing. (And 7 Ways to Reuse), Are Egg Shells Recyclable? Roloway Guenon – This bearded and tri-colored monkey used to be a common sight in West Africa, but its numbers are quickly fading. A species which was native to a region and its population strength reduced from 50 percent to 5 percent; such species are known are endangered species. Conserve Energy Future. IUCN categorized them and made a list called red list. All Rights Reserved . ~ Jay Inslee. 9. 18. Conservation efforts including captive breeding programs, habitat protection, and a ban on the insecticide DDT helped the bald eagle’s numbers soar back into the thousands. Another document which consists of a list of rare and endangered species in an area was established by the Russian federation. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has information on species under their jurisdiction, including sea turtles and marine mammals.. Zoos and aquariums of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums work to save species and are a great information resource. Table Mountain Ghost Frog – These frogs get their name from the area they are found in, Table Mountain South Africa. What is a bird without a tree to nest in? Pesticides are toxic and harm more than their target. It started when President Theodore Roosevelt created the first National Wildlife Refuge at Pelican Island, Florida, in 1903. 11. Baishan Fir – Native to Eastern China, this fir has been threatened mostly by climate change. There were only about 500 bald eagles in the continental United States in the 1960s because of pesticides that damaged the shells of their eggs. Let’s start off with some fascinating facts about Africa’s endangered animals. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. Locate and learn more about endangered animal and plant species in your state using the map below. It is illegal under the Endangered Species Act to capture, hunt, shoot, or otherwise harm an animal that’s listed as endangered. 26. Actinote Zikani – A butterfly native to South America, there have been fewer and fewer surviving in each generation. To learn what National Geographic is doing to help, visit nationalgeographic.org. ), Can You Recycle Trophies? In the US, threatened and endangered species are protected under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Bazzania Bhutanica – A type of Liverwort plant, it is all but extinct due to human interference and destruction of the dry, tropical rainforest areas that it prefers. There are no captive animals for conservation. This species is originally from Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia. Nearly 450 million years ago, most living things were still confined to water. Mitchell’s Rainforest Snail, Thersites mitchellae. A particular case is the Baiji or Chinese river dolphin (Lipotes vexillifer), a species that inhabited only the Yangtze River in China. Brigalow Woodland Snail, Adclarkia cameroni What threatens snail and slug habitat? 30 Interesting Facts About Endangered Species. 27. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. One animal whose numbers have increased through conservation is the bald eagle. They are smart, beautiful and even can mimic human speech. Some of the more well known endangered species are: The Boggomoss Snail, Adclarkia dawsonensis . Endangered animals facts for kids: Both species of Orangutan are endangered. Its horns and meat are also highly prized. Fact sheets for many endangered species in the U.S can be found in the ESA document library.. Rosa Arabica – Sometimes called the Rose of Sinai, this flower is almost extinct due to climate changes and development of its natural habitat. Once found throughout Japan, sightings are getting more and more rare. 3. Poaching and illegal killing, are today’s major threats to the survival of this species. Later, in 1916, the United States and Great Britain, on the behalf of Canada, create… The number seems small, but we must take into account that the number of species of dolphins is around 43, so we are close to 25%. Save it danger of becoming extinct Act is expensive and ineffective because it protects so many species are higher.. 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